Qingming Festival: What Is It About?
This Friday 5th April will take place the Qingming Festival (清明节 Qīngmíng Jié), or Tomb-sweeping Day. This traditional festival is observed in China as well as by some communities in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Since 2008, it became also a public holiday long week-end.
ASI Movers main office being located in Shanghai, we will also close and stop our moving operations on this day. But before the week end start, let us explain what you need to know about the Qingming Festival, as expats' best partner for their relocation from, to and within China.
Known also as the Ancestor’s day, the Qingming Festival was originally held to commemorate the action of a loyal servant, Jie Zitui, toward its master, Chong’er, a prince of the state of Jin in exile.
To save him from starvation, Jie Zitui cut a slice of his own thigh to feed his master. Later, when Lord Chong’er came back to his Jin state and position, he tried to find back Jie to reward him. Jie had retired in the mount Mian with his elderly mother. Prince Chong’er could not find him, so he decided to set fire on the mountain to force Jie out of the forest. But Jie and his mother were killed during this fire. Full of remorse, the Prince erected a temple in his honor, and order that only cold food could be eaten to commemorate the day Jie passed away. People start to visit his tomb at its temple to pay their respects.
Under the Qing dynasty, about 300 years ago, the practice to eat cold food was replaced, and instead of regularly offers ostentatiously expensive ceremonies to commemorate ancestors, such respects was declared to be paid only once a year, on Qingming day.
Qingming festival could be presented as the counterpart of Halloween or All Saints’/Souls’ Day, which takes place in western countries on 31st October-1st November. Mostly, the celebrants go to visit and honor the grave of their ancestors, cleaning it and offering food, tea, wine, chopsticks and paper accessories. Flowers can also be presented to the dead relatives, with good prayers expressed. It is also common to see willow branches on house gates and front door. This aims to help to ward off troubled spirits.
As Spring comes over simultaneously, these days off are a good opportunity for Chinese people to enjoy nature and have a walk in parks, so these place might be more crowded than usually. Flying kites is also a popular activity, on day or evening time with lantern, or appearing with animal shapes or Chinese character opera. Sometimes, people cut the strong to let their kites freely fly into the sky. It brings good luck and health.
Many people still observed the day before Cold food meal, cooked a day ago. Sweet green rice balls青团 qīngtuán made with glutinous rice powder used to be made, stuffed with red bean paste, but variants can be found with peanuts, salt eggs, or pork flavored. Juice from green vegetables give to glutinous rice its green color. Other crispy fried cakes are made, such as撒子sāzi or寒具 hánjù. Peach blossom porridge is also a popular recipe.
This year, the Qingming festival takes place today, on April 5th, as the 5th Solar Term of the Chinese Lunar Calendar.